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Argentina’s presidential rivals clash in key voter battlegrounds

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© FILE PHOTO: Argentina’s presidential candidate Sergio Massa addresses supporters as he reacts to the results of the presidential election, in Buenos Aires, Argentina October 22, 2023. REUTERS/Martin Cossarini/File Photo

By Lucinda Elliott

BUENOS AIRES () – As Argentines prepare to elect a new president, the two hopefuls vying for the keys to the Casa Rosada palace are focusing on undecided voters in key battlegrounds, with campaign pushes around capital Buenos Aires and central Cordoba province that could tip the balance in a tight race.

Center-left Peronist economy chief Sergio Massa faces libertarian outsider Javier Milei in the Nov. 19 vote, with polls suggesting a likely photo finish. Two wildly different visions for South America’s no. 2 economy are on offer.

Milei offers potentially painful shock therapy for the embattled country that has run out of foreign currency reserves, has inflation over 100% and is set for a recession. Pragmatist Massa is pledging a unity government and more gradual change to solve the crisis that has worsened on his watch.

“People want to know who is the least bad of the two,” said 31-year-old psychologist Fatima Gonzalez from the populous Buenos Aires province around the capital of the same name. She did not vote for Massa or Milei in October.

“Both are scary,” said Gonzalez, adding that most people she knew were planning to cast their votes for Milei. “Many prefer to take the risk rather than carrying on with more of the same.”

Massa pulled off a surprise win in the October first round, attracting 9.6 million votes, ahead of Milei on 7.9 million. There were nearly 10 million votes for other candidates, people who voted blank or spoiled ballots. Turnout was also historically low at under 78%.

‘CAUSE MORE DAMAGE’

Many voters cited fears about Milei’s “chainsaw” plan for the economy, including large public spending cuts. Over half the population of the country, where poverty is over 40%, rely on relatively generous social welfare payouts and subsidies.

“Deregulation always hurts the working classes more, so I think a Milei victory could cause much more damage,” said Joaquin Gonzalez, 42, an architect from central Cordoba, who feared potential subsidy cuts and privatizations under Milei.

However, Milei has won over the public backing of conservative third-place finisher Patricia Bullrich – who had 6.3 million votes – and influential former President Mauricio Macri, lending the economist and former TV pundit some establishment support despite his vows to dollarize the economy and “burn down” the central bank.

The popularity of Massa, meanwhile, has taken a hit after a shortage of petrol and diesel in recent weeks led to long queues at gas stations and many pumps running out of supply.

In the central farming province of Cordoba, home to some 3 million voters and traditionally more conservative, this has had a particular impact.

Many Cordobans will be voting for their second-choice candidate, with over half their total vote in the first round going to candidates who have been eliminated, including local governor Juan Schiaretti.

‘STATE OF LIMBO’

Dentist Maria Elena Bazzano, 80, said that given her first choice lost, she was voting for something new, even if what that represents “is an unknown,” indicating support for Milei.

“Enough of this current way of doing politics that has left our nation in cultural and economic misery,” she said.

Argentina’s economy remains front and center ahead of the runoff. Inflation is expected to near 200% by the end of this year, and the country has spent more time in recession than out of it in the past decade, fueling anger and demand for change.

The equations aren’t simple, however.

Bullrich’s Together for Change coalition is deeply divided over support for Milei, a dynamic but volatile character who has insulted key trade partner China, Argentine Pope Francis and leftist Brazilian president Luiz Inacio ‘Lula’ da Silva.

Left-leaning Schiaretti theoretically should pass most of his 1.8 million votes to Massa, but the 74-year-old has been publicly critical of the Peronist economy minister, while his Cordoba base leans more conservative.

Romina Viola, 32, who works in customer relations in Cordoba and was still undecided on her vote, said Argentina seemed to be in a “terrible state of limbo,” which she blamed on the current Peronist government and outgoing President Alberto Fernandez.

That had opened the door to candidates that may not be what Argentina really needs, she said.

“He (Fernandez) let go of the helm and left us prone to being victims of characters taking advantage of people’s lack of hope,” she said.

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